Miroslav Klivar | i |
 
last name: Klivar
first name: Miroslav
birthday: January 14, 1932
birth-place: Kosice (Slovakia)
death date: October 21, 2014
died in: Prague (CSSR)
Summary

Miroslav Klivar is a visual artist based in Prague whose work lies at the intersection of poetry, body art / performance and video art. He has used the computer to produce the first plotter drawings since 1965 and bought his personal computer in 1968 to create independent graphics and design. Since 1969 he has conducted basic research and design at the Institute of Industrial Design in Prague. In August 1968, he organised the second international exhibition of computer art in the Czech Republic at the Film Club in Prague featuring Georg Nees, Frieder Nake, and Kerry Strand.

His graphics are categorised by mainly geometric structures in a monochrome or complementary colour. He works with the principle of chance – lines, ellipses or other geometric forms are transformed, enlarged, turned and rotated. He used his computer graphics design work to decorate ceramics and textiles.

His body art activities began in 1972 as a protest against the occupation of Czechoslovakia by the army of the then still existing Soviet Union and its Allies. He has also been involved with Mail Art and Postal Art in the late 1970’s.

He is the president of the European Union of arts and a member of the Czech-German Cultural Alliance.

Biography

1951 – 55 Studied at the Charles University at Prague.
1955 – 60 Worked as an assistant at the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague and from 1960-69 at the Academy of Musical Arts in Prague.
1965 Started using the computer to produce the first plotter drawings, which were presented in the same year at the group exhibition Nová grafika, in Prague on the island of Kampa.
1968 Bought his own computer in order to create independent graphics and design.
1968 Organised the second international exhibition of Computer Art in the Czech Republic at the Film Club in Prague. Georg Nees, Frieder Nake, and Kerry Strand participated, among others.
1969 Awarded the prize for Applied and Industrial Arts of the Union of Czechoslovak Visual Artists.
1969 – 90 Conducted basic research and design at the Institute of Industrial Design in Prague.
1970 – 74 Employed as a part time lecturer at the Secondary School of Industrial Arts in Prague.
1974 – 78 Taught at the Academy of Fine Arts in Bratislava.
1983 Received the Vitezslav Nezval medal for poetry.
1994 Received the grand prize of the First European Festival of Video Art in the Czech Republic.
Since 1990 Worked as an art teacher and psychotherapist.
Since 1999 Professor at The World Information Distributed University, Brussels.
2004 Received a prize for poetry at the International Literature Competition 2, Convivio, Italy.
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