Forest Kenton Musgrave | i |
last name: Musgrave
first name: Forest Kenton
also known as: Ken
birthday: September 16, 1955
death date: December 14, 2018

Ken Musgrave was a master of fractal image generation. He brought his skills in mathematical modelling and programming techniques to create artificial landscapes, mountains in particular, planets, and skies, as well as leaves or trees, a capability that was needed for special effects in the film industry. He contributed special effects to films like Titanic, Dante’s Peak, or The Lawnmower Man.

The father of fractal geometry of the late twentieth century, BenoĆ®t Mandelbaum, praised him as “the first true fractal-based artist” (as David Grant Taylor reports in his book When the Machine made Art, 2014).

His contributions are more to the film industry and to so-called foto-realism than to art in a more narrow sense of the word.


1993 Ph.D. in Computer Science from Yale University
1993-1996 Assistant Professor of Computer Science, George Washington University
1994 Co-author of Texturing and Modeling: A Procedural Approach (Academic Press, later Morgan Kaufmann)
1996-1997 Principal Software Engineer, Digital Domain
1997-1999 Director of Advanced 3D Research, MetaCreations
1999-2011 CEO / CTO, Pandromeda, Inc.
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