G. D. Birkhoff | i |
last name: Birkhoff
first name: G. D.
birthday: March 21, 1884
birth-place: Overisel Township (USA)
death date: November 12, 1944
died in: Cambridge (USA)

The American mathematician was one of the most important leaders in American Mathematics in his generation. He became known for the Ergodic Theory. After studying art during his world travel he published his ‘Aesthetic Measure’ where he formulated that M = f(C/O), where M is the aesthetic measure which is defined by O, the ratio of order, and C, its complexity in 1933. This formula was taken up in Information Aesthetics by Max Bense. With his rules he sought to assign an aesthetic measure to any artwork. In 1962 Rul Gunzenhäuser wrote his dissertation Ästhetisches Mass und ästhetische Information. Einführung in die Theorie G. D. Birkhoffs und die Redundanztheorie ästhetischer Prozesse [Aesthetical Measure and Aesthetical Information. Introduction into the theory of G.D. Birkhoff and the redundance theory of aesthetical processes], taking up Birkhoff’s ideas.

[Klütsch, 2007]


1907 Completed his PhD on differential equations at the University of Chicago.
1911 Working as a professor of mathematics at Princeton University.
1912-1944 Birkhoff is teaching at the Harvard University until his death.
1933 Publishes Aesthetic Measure, a mathematical theory for aesthetics.
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