Béla Julesz | i |
 
last name: Julesz
first name: Béla
birthday: 1928
birth-place: Budapest (Hungary)
death date: December 31, 2003
Summary

Béla Julesz was a visual neuroscientist and experimental psychologist in the fields of visual and auditory perception. Besides many other technical and scientific contributions during his time at Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, he was the originator of the computer generated Random-Dot Stereograms, an imaging technique, and of the method of studying texture discrimination by constraining second-order statistics. After having fled from Hungary in 1956, he emigrated to the USA where he worked for Bell Labs as a member of the famous group under Manfred R. Schroeder that became a hotbed for art and technology. During this time, he and A. Michael Noll put up the first show of “Computer-generated pictures” at the Howard Wise Gallery in New York (April 1965).

Biography

1950 Diploma in Electrical Engineering at the Technical University, Budapest, Hungary.
1956 Ph.D. (research in network theory, microwave systems and television signals) from the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary. – Emigrated to USA.
1956 Joined the AT&T, Bell Laboratories, in Murray Hills, NJ, USA, where his research focused on physiological psychology topics including depth perception and pattern recognition within the visual system.
1960 Designed the “random-dot stereograms” – paired images that are individually meaningless, yet form a coherent 3-D picture when viewed simultaneously, one by each eye.
1964-82 Head of the Sensory and Perceptual Processes Department, Bell Laboratories.
1965 Participated in the the art exhibition “Computer-Generated Pictures” with A. Michael Noll at the Howard Wise Gallery, New York, displaying computer-generated stereograms and textures.
1971 Published the book ’ Foundations of Cyclopean Perception’.
1983 Awarded the MacArthur Fellowship (“genius award”) for his work in Experimental Psychology and Artificial Intelligence.
1983-1989 Head of the Visual Perception Research Department, Bell Laboratories.
1985 Awarded the Dr. H. P. Heineken Prize by the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.
1987 Elected to the National Academy of Sciences, USA.
1989 Received the Karl Spencer Lashley Award by the American Philosophical Society.
1989 Retired from Bell Labs and established the Laboratory of Vision Research at the Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey.
1982-1991 Neurosciences Associate of the Neurosciences Institute.
1994 Published the book, ‘Dialogues on Perception’.
Member of institutions
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